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Population

Contrary to the popular belief that it is not so, the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina is a large ethnic homogeneity of inhabitants descended from the same ancestors, speaking the same language (commonly called Serbian, Croatian or Bosnian, and scientifically štokavien).

However, throughout history, three national identities are developed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, who promote religious differences (Legacy Ottoman millet system) Orthodox Serbs, Catholic Croats, and Bosnian Muslims.

Their proportion varied between 1971 and 1991, from 37% to 31% Serbs, 21% to 17% Croats, 40% to 44% for the Bosniaks. This was due to the fact that Serbs and Bosnian Croats often directed their rural migration to the industrial centers outside the Republic, unlike the Bosniaks.

Territorially, the three ethnic groups were closely intertwined until 1992. Their demographic profile was generally of a rural character until the early 1960s when the western style of living began spreading throughout the country. With 1.2 children per woman, the fertility rate of the country is now sadly the world’s lowest.

Apart from the Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks, Bosnia and Herzegovina is the homeland of many other ethnic groups. In total, 17 national minorities live in Bosnia: Roma, Jews, Germans, Czechs, Turks, Albanians, Ukrainians, Italians, Montenegrins, Poles, Slovaks, Hungarians, Macedonians, Slovenes, Romanians, Russians and Ruthenians.

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